Technique Tuesday – How To Make the Foundation Double Crochet Stitch
What is it?
The Foundation Double Crochet stitch technique (abbreviated Fdc) is an alternative to the instructions at the beginning of a crochet pattern that tell you to chain a certain number of stitches.
This technique simultaneously creates a row of "chain" stitches AND a row of Double Crochet stitches (abbreviated dc) without making two passes. Basically, it takes the place of two rows of stitches: the "chain" row that makes up the beginning base and the next row of Double Crochet stitches worked into that row of chains.
As with our Foundation Single Crochet and Foundation Half Double Crochet tutorials, we are using " " around the word chain because this isn't REALLY a chain stitch but it LOOKS like a chain stitch when the stitch is completed.
Be sure to go check out our other foundation stitch tutorials:
How To Make the Foundation Single Crochet Stitch
How To Make the Foundation Half Double Crochet Stitch
Why Use It?
The primary reason we use foundation stitches like the Foundation Double Crochet stitch in our work is the elasticity or, more accurately, the consistent stitch tension, it provides at a hem, cuff, neckline or any beginning section of crochet stitches.
A crochet chain row tightens up significantly once the next row of stitches is worked into it because the loops of a crochet chain are made by pulling new loops through previously made loops. Since the chain loops are connected to one another this way, pulling on one of the loops by inserting a hook into the chain and making a stitch there tightens the neighboring loops. The result is a chain that is significantly shorter than we probably need and a fabric edge with little or no elasticity at all. And, unfortunately, even the almighty fix-all techniques in blocking will only get you so far… fibers only stretch so much before they are ruined or "killed" zapping them of all bounce and elasticity.
This unfortunate tightening of stitches doesn't happen when using the Foundation Stitch technique since the "chains" we make are connected to the stitch (Single Crochet, Half Double Crochet, Double Crochet, etc…) we create simultaneously on top of the "chain". The next "chain" we make is created by coming through the side of the previous stitch and does not affect the tension of the preceding or following "chains."
To Work Today's Tutorial
Here's a list of materials we used to make today's Foundation Double Crochet (Fdc) tutorial. While you can, of course, use any materials you have on hand, these materials listed are what we recommend you use while you are learning.
Worsted Weight, 100% Pure Wool
H-8/5.00mm Crochet Hook
NOTE: You can click on any of the photos in our tutorials to enlarge them for greater detail.
Break It Down
A Final Word… Or Two…
As with all new skillz, the Foundation Double Crochet (Fdc) technique will take some practice. Be patient, practice, and compare your work with the photos in this tutorial. You will get it!
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